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Europinis maumedis - Larix decidua - European Larch

 

Europinis maumedis - Larix decidua - European Larch Europinis maumedis - Larix decidua - European Larch Europinis maumedis - Larix decidua - European Larch

 

Europinis maumedis

 

Augintojams: Europinis maumedis (lot. Larix decidua) ÔÇô pu┼íini┼│ (Pinaceae) ┼íeimos, maumed┼żi┼│ (Larix) genties med┼żi┼│ r┼ź┼íis. Vidutinis j┼│ auk┼ítis 20-40 m, masyviausi┼│ Europini┼│ maumed┼żi┼│ kamieno skersmuo gali siekti iki 1,5-2 m. I┼ígyvena iki 500-600 m. Nat┼źraliai paplit─Ös Europos ┼żemyno vakarin─Śje bei centrin─Śje dalyse ÔÇô daugiausiai kalnuotose jos vietov─Śse bei atskiros populiacijos ┼żemumose vidurio ir ┼íiaurin─Śje Lenkijoje, vakar┼│ Baltarusijos ma┼żoje dalyje bei piet┼│ Lietuvoje. Lietuvoje pla─Źiau paplit─Ös Europinio maumed┼żio (Larix decidua subsp. polonica) por┼ź┼íis.

Estetams: tai vidutinio stambumo, netaisyklingo ┼íakojimosi, retoka laja med┼żiai. Spygliai mink┼íti, ┼íveln┼źs, ruden─» nukrinta. Maumed┼żiai - vienanamiai med┼żiai. Vyri┼íkieji kankor─Ś┼żiai geltoni, sukrauti trumpuosiuose ┼źgliuose, pamatas apsuptas pumpur┼│ ┼żvyn┼│. Moteri┼íkieji kankor─Ś┼żiai primena rausv─ů ar ┼żalsv─ů ro┼ż─Śs ┼żied─ů. Subrend─Ö kankor─Ś┼żiai apval┼źs, kiau┼íini┼íki arba cilindri┼íki. Kankor─Ś┼żiai prinoksta t┼│ pa─Źi┼│ met┼│ ruden─», tinka floristikai.

Smali┼żiams: nesmali┼żiausite.

Smalsiems: i┼í maumed┼żi┼│ spygli┼│ gaunamas eterinis aliejus. Mediena labai vertinga ÔÇô sunki, tvirta ir labai patvari, atspari puvimui vandenyje nors gana ┼íakota. Labai tinkama laiv┼│ statyboje, kitoms povandenin─Śms konstrukcijoms.

 

European Larch

For the growers: European larch (lat. Larix decidua) belongs to the Pinaceae family, Larix genus. The average height is 20-40 m, trunk diameter of the largest European larches can reach up to 1.5-2 m. Lives up to 500-600 years. Naturally prevalent in the western and central parts of the European continent - mainly in the mountainous areas, while individual populations - in the lowlands of the central and northern Poland, in a small part of the western Belarus, and in the southern Lithuania. In Lithuania more prevalent is a subspecies of European larch (Larix decidua subsp. polonica).

For the aesthetes: These are medium large trees with irregular branching pattern and sparse foliage. The needles are soft, they drop in autumn. Larch is a monoecious tree. Male cones are yellow, stacked on short shoots, the base is surrounded by bud scales. Female cones remind of a reddish or greenish rose. Mature cones are round, egg-shaped or cylindrical. Cones ripen in the autumn, suitable for use in floristry.

For the gourmands: unsutable for tasting.

For the curious: larch needles are used to obtain essential oil. The wood is very valuable - heavy, strong and very durable, water-resistant, although rather knotty. It is suitable for shipbuilding, other underwater structures.

 

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Last Update: 2017-05-24 05:30.

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